Why Kitchen Faucets Splash

Joel Smith, Kohler Faucet director of product engineering, with his Simplice faucetA Kohler expert explains causes and solutions.

Some people live with uncontrolled water issues at the kitchen sink while others only experience the phenomenon after replacing an old faucet. Whatever the case it’s annoying and messy! In my post on Making Sense of Kitchen Faucets, I give a logical designer’s solution — lining up the spout with the center of the drain. But that doesn’t explain why some faucets  splash — or how to prevent splashing. So I turned to Joel Smith, Kohler Faucet’s director of new product engineering, who proved to be the perfect answer man. Why choose an expert from a single brand? Kohler’s Vinnata came out as the top Buyer’s Pick in two polls conducted over a five year period.

According to Smith, one cause of splashing is that  “when water hits the sink, it’s displacing what’s there a split second before.  It’s a little like someone jumping into a full pool – the existing water needs someplace to go.”

Water hitting something irregular in the sink is another culprit: “The strainer basket can cause splashing,” Smith explains. “Look at the rough-in for the sink and the faucet.” he says, to see where the stream will land when the faucet is installed. That can be the flat floor of the sink or the center of the drain. “The garbage disposal center is fine,” he agrees.

“It also has a lot to do with the velocity of the water,” he says. Water velocity – measured in gallons per minute – should not be underestimated. And here’s a key fact Smith shared: “2.2 gallons per minute is the federal limit for water flow, the maximum allowable from a kitchen faucet. You can retrofit a faucet to 1.5 g.p.m. a rate some manufacturers offer. The main drawback will be filling a pasta pot because the flow rate is slower.”

Kohler Simplice faucet with sprayer onIf you choose a faucet with a sprayer, opt for a deep sink. Sprayers add air to the water stream and speed it up. And again, “the higher velocity will tend to get more splashing,” Smith explains.

The faucet aerator also can be a factor. These plastic inserts in the spouts “pull air into the water stream – the bubbles are air mixed into the water,” Smith says. And “air makes water travel faster.” So another fix is to reduce the speed by swapping the aerator with a special-order laminar insert — a part that will provide a “laminar stream,” one without air, like your grandma’s old-fashioned kitchen faucet.

Height matters, too. In general, the taller the faucet, the greater chance of splashing particularly when you’re washing vegetables or your hands, Smith confirmed, because this usually takes place in the working space above the sink rim. This suggests a general rule of thumb when selecting a sink and faucet pair: the taller the faucet the deeper the sink. “It’s a reasonable statement,” Smith agrees. “If you have a very shallow sink you don’t want a high arching spout with a 9 to 10-inch height to it.”

But some good news: a sink grid can actually retard splashing.

So which kitchen faucet did a faucet engineer pick for his own kitchen? “I have the Kohler Simplice pull-down faucet,” he says. “I would rather have extra work space and deal with a little bit of splashing then not have the extra work space.”

Kohler simplice pull down sprayer in actionJoel Smith also gave us some insider’s advice. “A pull down faucet is the most functional, definitely. That’s a candy-cane-shaped spout with a head that pulls down” for easy rinsing. “From a purely functional standpoint you can’t beat that.”

(Source: kohler.com)

, , , , ,

10 Responses to Why Kitchen Faucets Splash

  1. shelia June 26, 2011 at 9:22 pm #

    I have a faucet like this. We had it installed less than a year ago and the pull down part is loosing it’s grip and not staying up in place. I love it but I’m disappointed in this part. I did have a very deep sink installed and the splashing just doesn’t happen.
    Thanks for all the info.
    Be a sweetie,
    Shelia 😉

  2. Jane F June 27, 2011 at 5:18 pm #

    Sorry your faucet’s not performing Shelia. They can get tricky. Thanks for stopping by! Jane

  3. shelia June 27, 2011 at 7:14 pm #

    Dear Jane, I’m back to tell you how much I appreciated your precious comments to me! We’ll always have sweet memories to cherish.
    I wish you the best with your moving.
    Be a sweetie,
    Shelia 😉

  4. laxsupermom June 27, 2011 at 7:40 pm #

    Great info! How to keep a faucet from splashing is one of those topics that shows up on GW a few times a year, but never has there been so comprehensive an answer. Thanks for sharing.

  5. dnovak1961 June 18, 2012 at 5:52 pm #

    I have this same Kohler Simplice faucet shown in the pictures above and have no problems whatsoever with any splashing. On the contrary, my only issue (just like shelia) is that the pull-down faucet head is no longer staying in place. Otherwise, great faucet. This problem has gotten progressively worse over time and is quite irritating. I don’t know why Kohler doesn’t just redesign the pull-down to use a magnet . . . or something more reliable. Kohler — are you listening?!?

  6. Msshe February 17, 2014 at 10:31 am #

    Thanks for this article. I have a faucet like this and a deep sink. I have splashes when hubby uses the spray at full force. Ha! Sheila E

  7. Dan May 23, 2014 at 8:47 am #

    “The faucet aerator also can be a factor. These plastic inserts in the spouts “pull air into the water stream – the bubbles are air mixed into the water,” Smith says. And “air makes water travel faster.”

    I am a little confused. I have seen aerators reducing splashing in sinks? I think we have a little bit of miss information going on here.

  8. Ed Byrne January 2, 2015 at 9:37 pm #

    Velocity = Q/A. In recent years, I have noticed a reduction in the diameter of the aerator. From the formula above, you will note that the smaller area of the aerator, the higher the velocity of the water. If you increase the diameter of the aerator, the velocity goes down along with the splashing.

  9. Jane F January 3, 2015 at 7:52 am #

    That’s so interesting Ed. Any specific brands or just in general?

    • Ed Byrne January 3, 2015 at 10:06 pm #

      Jane, they are all smaller than they used to be. I had a Delta faucet that constantly made a mess of the counter top. I purchased old style aerator and with some fittings made it much better but it looked ridiculous. Changed to a higher end brand thinking it would be better but just got me back to the mess. I believe they made them smaller in attempt to comply with federal standards on flow rates yet appear to provide a sufficient amount of water. I’m again looking for a solution.

Leave a Reply

CommentLuv badge

WP-SpamFree by Pole Position Marketing

Currently you have JavaScript disabled. In order to post comments, please make sure JavaScript and Cookies are enabled, and reload the page. Click here for instructions on how to enable JavaScript in your browser.